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Pachmarhi History

Pachmarhi is the most beautiful hill station in Madhya Pradesh, India. Pachmarhi is a combination of belief, past history and nature. It is also known for the Pachmarhi Cantonment. Pachmarhi, the most peaceful hill station in Central India is situated at a height of 1000 meters in the Satpura Range. I love Pachmarhi as I live at very nearby town Pipariya (around 54 kms.) I have experienced a feeling of Joy and togetherness. Pachmarhi is my favorite holiday spot.

Pachmarhi is discovered by British Army Captain – James Forsyth in 1857 and wrote book on Pachmarhi called “The Highlands of Central India”. Dense forests and its in-accessibility for normal person had made it a safe place for hideout for freedom fighters like Rani Jhansi, Tatya Topa etc. Presence of 5 ancient caves had made it famous with the name of Pachmarhi where “Panch” means five and”Marhi” means caves. Its scenic beauty and climate had made it popular among Britishers during pre-independence era in summer season.

Pachmarhi is a hill station of Madhya Pradesh situated on a large plateau Mahadeo hills of Satpura ranges. It is widely known as “Queen of Satpura”. Pachmarhi lies in Hoshangabad district of among all tourist spots of Madhya Pradesh; Pachmarhi is the most favorite tourist spot among domestic tourists of India. Mostly it is visited by domestic tourists from all over the India especially from Maharashtra, Gujarat, and West Bengal. Pachmarhi sightseeing is of 2-3 days long. Satpura National Park is also another attraction for Pachmarhi visitors as Tigers are there in Park.


The area was introduced to western world by Captain James Forsyth of the British Army in 1857. Pachmarhi became a hill station and sanatorium for British troops in the Central Provinces of India. The population in 1901 was 3020, rising to double that number in the hot summer months. Pachmarhi also served as the summer capital for the Central Provinces. The forest around the town is home to many rare varieties of plants. UNESCO added Pachmarhi Park to its list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009. The town is not very large, and most of its area is under the administration of the Pachmarhi Cantonment Board, serving the Indian Army. The population of Pachmarhi is about 10,000 persons, most of who are connected with the Army installations in the area. The civilian portion of the town is small, and lies towards the tip of a lake. It has some hotels and a movie hall. A bazaar runs through the small town. A club and golf course exist, for the usage of military personnel. A rarely used airstrip is located near Dhupgarh. It is overrun with grass and is rarely used. Tigers are known to have been sighted near the airstrip. Panther sightings are common along the edge of the Pachmarhi Cantonment.